From 11-13 February, the EuropeanaTech conference was held at the National Library of France in Paris. During these two days, Joris Pekel, Europeana’s Community Coordinator for Cultural Heritage, interviewed a number of speakers attending the conference to learn more about their work and their vision for the future of digital cultural heritage. For the first in this series, he spoke to Seb Chan, Director of Digital & Emerging Technologies at Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum. Here, he talks to Dan Cohen, executive director of the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), about the work that the organisation is doing, and the challenges and goals it shares with Europeana.
This year the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek had its first appearance at the Leipzig Book Fair, held from 12th to 15th March 2015. Unlike its Frankfurt counterpart, the Leipzig fair is truly a book show for the public. During the four days of the Fair visitors of all ages and areas of interest are invited to explore the latest developments in the book market. The figures alone speak volumes: the Fair, featuring 3,000 people involved in the organisation and over 2,000 exhibitors, set a new visitors record with over 250,000 people attending.
The Alfred Ehrhardt Stiftung (Alfred Ehrhardt Foundation) is committed to promoting the study of the work of Alfred Ehrhardt, a photographer, documentary filmmaker and outstanding representative of the New Objectivity movement. The foundation was established in November 2002 by the artist’s son, the Munich investment manager Dr. Jens Ehrhardt, in order to preserve his father’s artistic legacy and estate—which includes drawings, graphic works, photographs, negatives, films and papers—and make it available to a wide public. In January 2010 the foundation moved from Cologne to Berlin, a step made to enhance the foundation’s public presence.
From 11-13 February 2015, the EuropeanaTech conference was held at the National Library of France in Paris. During the two days, Joris Pekel, Community Coordinator for Cultural Heritage, interviewed a number of speakers attending the conference to learn more about their work and their vision for the future of digital cultural heritage. First in this series is keynote speaker Seb Chan, Director of Digital & Emerging Technologies at Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum.
The Saxon State and University Library Dresden (SLUB) is one of the largest and best endowed academic libraries in Germany. The SLUB serves as the university library of Dresden University of Technology. It is the state library of Saxony and a major innovation and coordination center for German and European libraries.
The Bundesanstalt für Wasserbau has over 10,000 photographs and images in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek, rendering 150 years of documented German waterway history accessible to the general public. The material is surprising and also fascinating. Anyone looking for early pictures of the building and operation of water installations across Germany will find them in the Historical Images Archive of the Bundesanstalt. The photographs focus not only on preparatory work and the construction of installations but also on copies of old plans and prints, which are likewise being added to the Historical Images Archive.
‘A Future for the Past – Cultural Heritage in a Digital World’: The first publication by the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek
‘Technology transforms our world. In the last twenty years we have seen how all-pervasive digital technologies and their interlinking on the World Wide Web have brought about enormous changes in almost every area of life. Culture is not immune to these developments. Archives, museums, libraries and scientific and conservational institutions alike are facing huge challenges. How are they to fulfil their social function in a changing and shifting environment? Within what kind of framework are they operating and how does this framework help or hinder the process of giving our past a future?’
Germany’s second largest book fair will be held in Leipzig from 12th to 15th March 2015. Attracting approx. 2,000 exhibitors from over 40 countries, the Fair is a meeting place not only for authors and publishers, creative spirits and media representatives, booksellers and librarians, but also for readers, cosplayers and culture enthusiasts from around the world. The theme of this year’s fair is ‘1965 to 2015. Germany – Israel’ and is dedicated to German-Israeli dialogue.
Since time immemorial caricatures have come in a variety of guises and served a wide range of purposes as the pictorial means for conveying satire. This month we focus on the illustration as a form of satirical expression and explore the different types of caricatures that have so far been supplied to the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek. We show caricatures used as tools of propaganda to reinforce political and racist prejudice and caricatures that take aim at received ideas of fashion or beauty or that parody established mores and social conventions.
What’s the best way to bring together independent developers and designers with cultural institutions and provide them with a platform for communication so that they can discuss ways in which digitised cultural heritage might be put to active use? Answer: ‘Coding da Vinci’, the culture hackathon.
The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek now contains over 12,000 audio recordings from the Animal Voices Archive of the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. The archive is one of the oldest and largest collections of animal utterances in existence and includes the sounds not only of birds and mammals but also of fish, amphibians, reptiles and invertebrates.
The ‘Museum für Naturkunde - Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Science’ is a research museum within the Leibniz Association. It ranks internationally as one of the most important research institutions devoted to biodiversity and biological and geoscientific evolution.
As the main documentation centre devoted to the cultural heritage of Speyer, the city archive is not only a source of information for posterity, in particular future researchers; it is also a repository of legal records, assisting in the resolution of legal issues and, through its maintenance of an ‘intermediary archive’, performing important tasks for the local authorities.
It has been almost a month since the attack on Charlie Hebdo in Paris. In commemoration of the events we would like to publish Europeana's reaction also here: 'One of the central tenets of our shared European culture is the freedom of speech and cultural expression.'
The Federal Archives provides public access, for reference purposes, to the key, official sources of information on recent German history. The institution collects and stores, in analogue and digitised form, documents generated in central offices of the Federal Republic (since 1949), the GDR (1949-1990), the zones of occupation (1945-1949), the German Reich (1867/71-1945), the German Confederation (1815-1866) and the Holy Roman Empire (1495-1806).
Rivers are a determining feature of the landscape and evolve over time. Pictures document the changes undergone by a river better than the written word can. Over the decades the Federal Water and Shipping Authority and its predecessor organisations have captured the transformation and development of Germany’s waterways in a myriad of photos, creating an important visual record in the process.
‘How-to’ literature is here to stay. The genre ranges from tips on how to combat chronic procrastination to astrophysics for dummies and is a prized reference source for people tackling New Year’s resolutions, if nothing else. A good time, then, for us to showcase a variety of publications dispensing advice – starting with beekeeping (for those seeking a hobby in 2015)!
With its extensive archives and library, the Heinrich-Heine-Institut of the regional capital, Düsseldorf is a major international centre for research into the life, work and legacy of the poet Heinrich Heine. A number of other departments, such as its Rhenish Literature archive and the Schumann collection, make the Institute a source of information covering a very wide range of fields.
In his address during the conference John van Oudenaren, Director of the World Digital Library, made the point that ‘There is no literature in Arabic about the Aztecs in Mexico. That is a pioneer's work for us.’ His words encapsulated one of the problems that arise when cultural heritage has to be made accessible from a linguistic as well a technological viewpoint. The problem is the lack of linguistic standardisation where content is displayed in a variety of languages.
Done! The 10 millionth dataset has found its niche in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek. The 10m mark was passed with the inclusion of data from the Museum Industriekultur Osnabrück – a big achievement for the Service Center and the six departments. Over 160 museums, libraries, archives and other cultural institutions are now represented with their collections in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek and are benefiting from cross-domain presentation.
Eight months after the launch of our Twitter account we have now had over 1,800 tweets and re-tweets, have over 1,500 followers and are inspiring many comments and conversations. We are now extending our social-media activities to Facebook and are going live today.
In an atmosphere effused with the empathy of the general public and people around the globe, Germany – and Berlin in particular – recently finished celebrating the opening of the inner-German border 25 years ago. The festivities and commemorative events organised to mark the fall of the Wall on 9th November 1989 are a more than fitting occasion for the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek, too, to dig out testimonies and artwork recalling the eventful history of the two Germanies.
The massive distortions and devastation brought about by war had a huge influence on the development of Europe in the 20th century. Until 16th November the 6th European Month of Photography in Berlin is showing photographic material and other images from these wars. The Festival’s exhibitions and events will address social, historical and aesthetic issues relating to this year’s theme, “Upheavals and Utopias. The other Europe”.
In recent years digitisation has done much to facilitate access to cultural heritage. What changes has this meant for museums, archives and libraries? The fourth international ‘Shaping Access’ conference ("Shaping Access! More Responsibility for Cultural Heritage") will present a status analysis of projects concerned with the digitisation of cultural material. Where do we stand today, what have we achieved, what problems do we face, which efforts have been in vain? For the 4th time the conference chaired by Dr. Paul Klimpel will address the opportunities, obstacles, challenges and changes linked to digitisation work in libraries, archives and museums.
At the Frankfurt Book Fair the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek organised a panel discussion to address the legal ramifications of digitisation and the challenges associated with making cultural heritage available to the public in digital form – from the dual perspectives of users and cultural organisations.
This year’s Book Fair meant two different premieres for the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek. It was the first time that the cooperation project had had its own stand at the Fair and the first time that it had hosted a discussion. The panel event entitled ‘Digitisation and the Law: What is the DDB’s position?’ was followed by a reception.
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts: Potsdam University publishes beta version of interactive visualisations of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek
How can we go about making a collection of digitised cultural objects, numbering 10 million at the last count, fathomable and manageable for the people who use it? A group of students at the University of Potsdam have come up with a series of interactive visualisations that open up fresh perspectives on the material held in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek. It's a 'work in progress' this beta version and its development will be continued.
From 8 –12 October the attention of the world’s book lovers will be focused on the Frankfurt Book Fair. As always, a country has been selected as Guest of Honour; this year Finland and its cultural diversity will be at the centre of attention, with over 500 events inviting visitors to familiarise themselves with the literature and broader culture of the Scandinavian country.
The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) has launched its second virtual exhibition, ‘The Memory of Dance’. This detailed excursion through a history of disparate dance forms is interspersed with numerous multimedia illustrations and much complementary material and can be viewed online in the DDB.
Digitisation and the Law: What is the DDB’s position? Panel discussion and reception at Frankfurt Book Fair
The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek is a central access point for users wishing to view the cultural heritage of Germany. Yet if we are to have lasting access to this digital memory bank of culture there has to be a solid legal framework. With its newly released publication, ‘Eine gute Grundlage. Rechtliche Voraussetzungen der Kooperation mit der Deutschen Digitalen Bibliothek’, the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek supports its partners in their work and sets out the legal parameters for collaboration.
From 8th to 12th October 2014 Frankfurt am Main will host the world’s largest book and media fair. Attracting approx. 7,000 exhibitors from 100 countries, the Fair is a meeting place for authors and publishers, creative spirits and media representatives, booksellers and librarians, readers and culture enthusiasts from around the world. This year’s focus is on Finland.
Today marks the public launch of Archivportal-D at the 84th German Archive Conference. Freely accessible online at www.archivportal-d.de, the platform enables users to comb Germany’s archives in the course of their research and to do so free of charge. This in turn allows users to plan their research trips and visits to archives more efficiently.
The 84th German Archive Conference will be held in Magdeburg from 24th – 27th September. The theme of the largest European congress devoted to the archiving profession will be New Ways of Accessing Archives – User, Usage, Usability.
The ever-growing DDB is presenting the public with a multimedia array of cultural and scientific content that is a feast for the ear as well as the eye. The Saxon State and University Library Dresden (SLUB), for example, is already providing DDB users with access to unique items in its media library, including material from the ‘Archive of Voices’ project.
Last weekend saw the awards ceremony marking the end of the first German culture hackathon, ‘Coding da Vinci’. 16 cultural institutions had made their data available to programmers, designers and gamers, who spent ten weeks working with the content under open licence. On Sunday, prior to the awards ceremony, they presented their ideas and applications to the public.
The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek at the YOU – Leitmesse für Jugendkultur (Youth Culture Fair), Berlin
From 27th to 29th June 2014 Berlin will host the ‘YOU’ the leading fair for youth culture and education, an event aimed at young people, teachers and trainers.
The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) is hosting, together with its partners, the first German culture hackathon. Participants are invited to present their results in Berlin, followed by an awards ceremony.
The 103rd National Librarians Day (slogan: “Libraries open up Worlds”) will be held from 3rd to 6th June 2014. The congress provides library specialists from Germany and abroad with a platform from which to discuss and analyse current developments, trends and challenges relating to libraries and education.
Many people live and breathe football as a matter of course, but the sport is currently even more in the spotlight. Far from heralding the start of a football-free period, this year the close of the Bundesliga season will mark the start of the run-up to the FIFA World Cup finals, to be held in Brazil between 12th June and 13th July.
From 26th April to 6th July the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek will be teaming up with the Service Center for Digitizatin Berlin, the Open Knowledge Foundation Deutschland and Wikimedia Deutschland to host the first “Coding da Vinci” hackathon in Berlin.
The second video in the “Culture and Knowledge Online” series launched by the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek is now online. It takes as its subject the public information event held in Berlin on 31st March 2014 to mark the presentation of the first full version of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek.
Presentation of first full version of Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) – Photos and footage of public information event
31.3.2014 marked the presentation of the first full version of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB). The public event was the largest event organised by the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek on its own account. Over 300 of Germany’s culture and media professionals, policy makers and representatives from scientific institutions converged on the Gemäldegalerie (Gallery of Old Masters) to learn about the current state of development of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek. The launch was also a chance for project managers, supporters and associates of the DDB to exchange information and ideas.
Berlin, 31st March 2014 - The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB), which went online at the end of 2012 in the first publicly accessible version of the www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de portal, is bringing its beta phase to a close. The first full version of the www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de portal was presented today in the Wandelhalle of the Gemäldegalerie – Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (Gallery of Old Masters, National Museums in Berlin) by Monika Grütters, Minister of State for Culture and the Media, Brunhild Kurth, Vice-President of the Conference of Education Ministers and Saxon Minister for Culture, Hermann Parzinger, President of the Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation) and Spokesman for the Board of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek, Jill Cousins, Executive Director of the Europeana Foundation, and Frank Frischmuth, General Manager of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek.
This manuscript currently viewable in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek is a rich source of material on Jewish family research and the history of Jewish rituals. It was begun in 1825 and ends with the final entry made in 1916. Documents from the 18th and 19th centuries, written by Jews for Jews and featuring rabbi families of the Lower Rhineland plain, are very rare.
The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek allows centralised, unrestricted, cross-domain and multi-media access to the scientific and cultural heritage of Germany. Millions of data sets are already digitally retrievable covering all cultural domains and encompassing archived material, images of all kinds, books, sculptures, music, films and scores.
On 8th March 1714, three hundred years ago, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach was born in Weimar. During his lifetime Carl Philipp was more popular than his father, Johann Sebastian Bach, who enjoys greater worldwide fame today. With his compositions, sacred music and not least his major contributions to the teaching of music he was an important figure in the years between the Baroque period and the First Viennese School.
Since the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek has gone to the Internet with its beta version in late 2012, a lot has happened: millions of new contents – books, archival documents, paintings, sculptures, films, sheet music and sound recordings – have been added. We have thus come a good deal closer to our goal, which is to crosslink, as a central access portal, the German national cultural and scientific facilities and their digital products.
Last year the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek launched a series of videos bearing the umbrella title of “Culture and knowledge online”. The short videos will illustrate the breadth and depth of the areas in which the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek is active.
Galilei’s (1564-1642) eventful story begins in Pisa, where he is born on 15th February 1564 as the eldest son in a patrician family. His father Vincenzo is a composer and music theorist, an artist to the core and well connected with the court of the Medicis in Florence, where the family moves in 1574.
Jeder Mensch weiß: Werbung soll zum Kauf von Produkten und Dienstleistungen animieren, die Identifikation der Konsumenten mit den Anbietern befördern, sowie Marken auf dem Markt etablieren und halten. Doch über ihren unmittelbaren, kommerziellen Zweck hinaus ist Werbung auch Indikator für individuelle Wünsche und Bedürfnisse – die ein ideales Marketing adressiert –, sowie Reflektion kollektiver Befindlichkeiten und Selbstbildnisse.
Conference: “Unlocking Sources – The First World War online & Europeana”, 30th-31st January 2014 in Berlin
The year 2014 is set to remind people around the globe of the outbreak of the First World War one hundred years ago. Over recent years many cultural institutions across Europe have been transferring film footage and handwritten and printed material onto digital media.
“EU copyright policy must move with the times” declared EU Single Market Commissioner Michel Barnier at the launch of a public consultation as part of a review of EU copyright regulations. The issues raised are of enormous significance to the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek. The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek’s objective of offering free, media-unspecific access to culture and knowledge via the internet can only be achieved within the parameters set by copyright law.
This year, for the first time, the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek will take part in the “Shaping Access! - More Responsibility for Cultural Heritage” conference, which will be held on 28th and 29th November 2013 in the Jewish Museum in Berlin.
Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) has made its API available to the public. API stands for ‘application programming interface’ and enables external applications, for example, websites and mobile apps to access the DDB database via the Internet.
A new release of the back and front end of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) was launched on 27 August, featuring a range of functions that were implemented in the second milestone of this year’s project.
The Deutsches Filminstitut was established in 1949, making it the oldest film institute in the Federal Republic. Working in partnership with the Federal Archive / Film Archive and the Stiftung Deutsche Kinemathek, both Berlin organisations, the Deutsches Filminstitut, based in Frankfurt am Main and Wiesbaden, fulfils the function of a centralised, German film archive.
Thirty years have now passed since Hitler’s diaries were exposed as fakes. Forgeries may not be the first thing that comes to mind when one thinks of history and culture, and yet they have often played an important role in history – especially as they were not always exposed as quickly as the Hitler diaries were.
The Bibliotheksservice-Zentrum Baden-Württemberg (Library Service Centre, BSZ) provides services to academic and public libraries, archives and museums, offering access to databases, online portals, support, hosting and much more.
As the cultural competence centre for southwest Germany, the Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg is responsible for protecting, preserving, and providing access to the state’s archival collections as an integral part of the region’s cultural heritage and cultural memory.
Draft legislation on the use of ‘orphan’ works is an important step forward in the digitisation of our cultural heritage
The Federal German Cabinet agreed on draft legislation on the use of orphan and out-of-commerce works this week. The chair of the board of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) Competence Network, Prof. Dr. Hermann Parzinger, welcomed the draft, saying it was an important contribution to furthering the Herculean task of digitising our cultural heritage..
The 24th of March has been commemorated as World Tuberculosis Day for over 30 years as a way of keeping the memory and awareness of tuberculosis alive. On 24 March 1882, exactly 131 years ago, the ‘father of bacteriology’ Robert Koch delivered his famous lecture ‘On Tuberculosis’ to the Physiological Society of Berlin.
Scores of cultural and scientific institutions have already signed up to the DDB and more are joining each day. They are eager to contribute their metadata and digital objects to us to make them widely available via our website. The great response and uptake has been very heartening! It means that we are getting ever closer to our goal of offering everyone and anyone free access via the Internet to Germany’s rich cultural and scientific heritage. In effect, this means access to millions of books, archived material, monuments, paintings, sculptures, musical performances and other sound recordings, films, and musical scores
The TECHNOSEUM Landesmuseum für Technik und Arbeit in Mannheim is among the top three museums of technology in Germany in terms of size. Users of the DDB also profit from its extensive collection: so far the Mannheim-based museum has provided access to just under 7000 documents via the DDB website.
This year, 2013, will mark the 225th anniversary of the birth of a key figure of German Romanticism whose significance remains undiminished to this day: Joseph Karl Benedikt Freiherr von Eichendorff. The poet and novelist was born on 10 March 1788 in Schloss Lubowitz near Ratibor, Upper Silesia, in what is now Poland.
The brief of the German National Library is basically to collect Germany's published cultural and scientific heritage since 1913, to preserve it for posterity and to make it accessible for use. It is based in two locations: Leipzig (founded in 1912) and in Frankfurt am Main (founded in 1946).
The Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte (Max Planck Institute for the History of Science – MPIWG) is one of eighty research institutes in the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities administered by the Max Planck Society. Based in Berlin, it was established in 1994 as an international research center for the history of science in Germany. The MPIWG is dedicated to the study of the history of science: its aim is to understand scientific thinking and practice as historical phenomena.
With this gold medal, the Breslau medalist and engraver Georg Wilhelm Kittel commemorated the Frieden von Hubertusburg, forged almost exactly 250 years ago. The peace treaties between Prussia, Austria and Saxony, signed on 15 February 1763 in the Saxon Schloss Hubertusburg, ended the Seven Years' War.
The year 2013 will mark both the 200th anniversary of Richard Wagner birth and the 130th anniversary of his death. Countless events will be held in honor of the famous composer, especially in Leipzig, where he was born, and Bayreuth, which is most closely associated with his work.
Many inquiries and reports on the occasion of the beta-launch of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) revolved around the question of how „open“ the DDB is, especially in comparison to Europeana.
With the Maya Codex, an exhibit of the Saxon State and University Library Dresden (SLUB) was in the focus of worldwide interest these past weeks. This was due to the fact that the Mayan calendar supposedly prophesied the end of the world for December 21, 2012. The fact that the Maya did not actually link an apocalypse with this date, but merely the end of a 400-year calendar cycle, did not detract from the fascination.
In this section, we aim to shed some light on the objects that can be found in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) by looking at sample search terms that will be changing regularly.
Recording of the press conference for the launch of the beta-version of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB)
This is a recording of the press conference for the launch of the beta-version of the DDB, which was initially broadcast as a live stream.
What contents does the DDB provide? How can I use the portal? What advantages does a cultural or scientific institution have from making its contents available here? Professor Hermann Parzinger, President of Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz and Chairman of the Board of DDB will provide you with answers to these and many other questions about the new portal. He will introduce this ambitious project and show what research options the DDB already provides today and what functions are soon to be added.
Berlin, 28 November 2012 – The Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) goes online for the general public today at www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de. In Berlin’s Altes Museum on the city’s Museum Island, Hermann Parzinger, President of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation and Spokesperson for the Board of the DDB Competence Network, Elke Harjes-Ecker, Head of the Culture Department at Thuringia’s Ministry of Education, Science and Culture and Chairperson of the Board of Trustees of the DDB Competence Network, Matthias Harbort, Head of New Media for the Federal Government Representative for Culture and Media and Vice-Chairman of the Board of Trustees, as well as Jill Cousins, Executive Director of the Europeana Foundation, today introduced the new portal together.
This is where every month we will be showing you a selected object that can be found using the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek. It may be an object that is of particular relevance at the present time, perhaps one time something unexpected and, another time, something well-known. By doing this, we would like to show you the sheer breadth of our inventory and entice you, the user, to embark on a journey of discovery into Germany’s cultural and scientific landscape. To celebrate the anniversary of its discovery on 6 December 1912, we have chosen the Model Bust of Queen Nefertit to launch our portal.
Many cultural and scientific institutions are already a part of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek and the number is growing every day. Famous museums and research facilities are on board, but also many smaller institutions that are certainly worth discovering. We would like to introduce, in no particular order, the institutions that are participating in the DDB and give you and impression of how varied and exciting Germany’s cultural and scientific landscape is.
In this section, we aim to shed some light on the objects that can be found in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) by looking at sample search terms that will be changing regularly. For the portal launch we have decided to look at the search ‘Johann Sebastian Bach’.