Zeitschriftenartikel

Ethnic fractionalization, natural resources and armed conflict

Thus far, researchers working on ethnicity and resources as determinants of civil conflict have operated largely independently of each other. While there is plenty of evidence that natural resources may spur armed conflict, empirical evidence for the nexus between ethnic fractionalization and conflict remains inconclusive. Some authors conclude that ethnically fractionalized societies are actually spared from intrastate violence. Others find either a positive relationship or none at all between ethnic fragmentation and internal conflict. In this context, this paper serves two purposes: first, it shows that salience-based fractionalization indices are associated with a higher risk of ethnic conflict onset; second, it finds evidence that oil further increases the conflict potential within fractionalized countries. The combination of oil and a shared identity seems to help overcome the collective action problems associated with rebellion, by providing recruitment pools, strong motives and the necessary financial means for insurgency. Employing logit models for pooled time-series cross-sectional data, our quantitative analysis shows that various ethnic fractionalization indicators are robustly linked to a substantially increased risk of ethnic armed conflict onset in a subset of oil-abundant countries.

Ethnic fractionalization, natural resources and armed conflict

GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften. Bibliothek Köln

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Anmerkungen
Status: Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Sprache
Englisch
Umfang
Seite(n): 432-457
ISSN
1549-9219

Erschienen in
Conflict Management and Peace Science, 31(4)

Bezug (was)
Politikwissenschaft
ethnic fragmentation
Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Sicherheitspolitik
Ethnizität
Diversität
ethnischer Konflikt
Gewalt
Bürgerkrieg
natürliche Ressourcen
Erdöl
Konfliktpotential
ethnische Gruppe
Exklusion
Konfliktbereitschaft

Beteiligte Personen und Organisationen
Wegenast, Tim C.
Basedau, Matthias
Erschienen
Vereinigtes Königreich
2014

URN
urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-427071
Rechteinformation
GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften. Bibliothek Köln
Letzte Aktualisierung
24.01.2023, 06:48 MEZ

Objekttyp


  • Zeitschriftenartikel

Beteiligte


  • Wegenast, Tim C.
  • Basedau, Matthias

Entstanden


  • Vereinigtes Königreich

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